Protest Emigration (Hijrat)

Protest emigration, also called hijrat, is the intentional emigration from an area usually a country or particular government that is charged with some specific unfairness, cruelty, or other form of injustice by a certain group of people. The group migrates from the oppressing area and quits all social cooperation as a form of protest demonstrating their dissatisfaction with the current situation. In some situations the emigration is to be permanent such as the Hijrat Movement of the Muslims during the 1920s. Other times however, the protest emigration is only temporary and is intended to bring about some form of change. This is usually the case when the oppressing country or government desires the cooperation of the opposed group of people.
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Collective Disappearance

One form of social withdrawal that has been used to avoid participating in a practice that is considered repugnant is to simply disappear. Amazingly, this act has been orchestrated not only by individuals but by entire populations. While the populations in question are generally small—a rural village for example—the fact that it involves a number of people can make a powerful statement. It can also cause a bit of havoc for the opposing faction.
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Lysistratic Non-Action

Lysistratic non-action is a form of protest that originated in a play written by Aristophanes around 400 BC. The play is a comedy about women striving to bring an end to the Peloponnesian War. Lysistrata, the main character urges women to employ a weapon of withholding sex. This is the origin of the term “lysistratic non-action.”
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Social Boycott

Social boycotts are an effective means of social non-cooperation that involve the technique of identifying a target or entity for non-cooperation by implementing stringent social reprisals that result in ostracism and economic hardship against the target. These means often require hardships on both the ones doing the boycotting as well as the target due to the utility of the target in providing a service or product being disabled. The basic attempt in social boycotting is to ostracize and socially shame the target to the point of giving in to the demands of a particular group. Continue reading

Boycott of Social Affairs

You don’t want to turn to distraction or violence, as this never helps out a particular cause and often times just ends up hindering the cause all together. Due to this, you need to look for a different option in order to let them know how you feel. Chances are, if you feel one way about the events taking place, others in the organization are going to feel the same way. Boycotting social affairs has a strong impact, and is something you need to consider.
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Student Strike

Students can have effective political recourse in academic institutions by participating in student strikes. Such strikes can occur at any level from primary school onward, but are most often associated with university students. The withdrawal and non-cooperation during student strikes can include many different forms and don’t always involve total withdrawal from the institution itself. Various strategies have been effective in inducing change to academic institutions around the world with some occasionally reaching out into broader society and inducing cultural change. Continue reading


Sanctuary is a means of nonviolent protest through social noncooperation. An individual or a group of people withdraw from society and seek refuge in a place where the opposition cannot go without contravening religious, moral, social, or legal constraints. In order to be successful, the sanctuary movement must cause enough discomfort to and embarrassment for the opposition, so that the protest demands are accepted. In the past, places of sanctuary were usually sacred places or buildings that were believed to be untouchable. Today, places of sanctuary might be more symbolic, such as student unions or administrative offices.
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“Flight” of Workers

Through the centuries, there have been many times that groups of people used flight and cessation of work by leaving their jobs, their homes, or their countries, to demonstrate to the opponent, the degree of unity and self-discipline a populace can have to make an impact on the rulings and behaviors of their opponent.
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